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Rebuild by Design

In the wake of disaster, how can we use design to protect our cities against future storms?

Competition Launch: June 2013
Competition Website: Rebuild by Design

As our region rebuilt in the aftermath of Hurricane Sandy, designers had a crucial role to play in envisioning coastal cities and communities that could creatively respond to ever-more daunting environmental and infrastructural challenges. Van Alen Institute was one of four New York-based nonprofits selected to develop and manage Rebuild by Design, an initiative of President Obama’s Hurricane Sandy Rebuilding Task Force and the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). The project was developed to address the structural and environmental vulnerabilities that Hurricane Sandy exposed in communities throughout the region and developing fundable solutions to better protect residents from future climate events.

Because of the enormity of this challenge, the Rebuild by Design process was developed to find better ways of implementing designs and informing policy and involved several partners. Along with HUD, we collaborated with New York University’s Institute for Public Knowledge, the Municipal Art Society, and the Regional Plan Association.

A series of videos, interactive public programs and an exhibition were produced specifically by Van Alen:

Rebuild by Design Videos

Eight short videos captured the many perspectives of stakeholders engaged in the competition—from community organizers to climate scientists and environmental advocates to developers.

Rebuild by Design Images

A twelve-foot long infographic describing the competition’s origins, goals, and process was exhibited throughout the region and overseas at the UN World Forum and the International Architecture Biennale Rotterdam Exhibition, Urban by Nature

 

“Scale it Up” public programs made the strategies emerging from Rebuild by Design tangible and engaging to the general public, and illustrated how design solutions could be “scaled up” or applied to communities throughout the Sandy-affected region.

Produced by Van Alen Institute, “Scale it Up” was designed to achieve multiple goals:

  • Engage key stakeholders in a planning group to develop and produce each event
  • Make the work of RBD design teams immediate and tangible through hands-on activities or temporary interventions in the built environment
  • Attract diverse audiences, including those that might not normally participate in design and planning workshops, through performances, music, participatory workshops, and other tools
  • Support local planning and design initiatives to promote resilience or strengthen communities, in order to leverage each one-day program to have a larger impact after its completion.

In each community, Van Alen Institute invited local residents, nonprofit staff, business owners, and government officials – many of whom were learning about Rebuild by Design for the first time – to participate in planning an event centered around the theme of resilience as they defined that term. Over the next 2-3 months, Van Alen convened regular “Scale it Up” planning meetings while also coordinating closely with the design teams. This process ensured that each event had elements uniquely tailored to local communities that were also tied to themes and strategies proposed by the teams. Stakeholders felt greater investment in the larger RBD project, while the design teams were able to incorporate input from the “Scale it Up” planning meetings or adjust their outreach meetings accordingly.

Scale It Up | Lower East Side | March 15, 2014: In Manhattan’s Lower East Side, we worked in collaboration with L.E.S. Ready, BIG, GOLES, Van Alen Institute, Sandy Storyline, LMCC, Two Bridges, LES Ecology Center, and Hester Street Collaborative to organize a story-writing workshop and thank you party for local residents. Attendees were asked to think of a creative story line that incorporated Sandy into its plot. As guests wrote creative narratives, they celebrated their post-Sandy rebuilding and planning work.

Scale It Up | Asbury Park | March 22, 2014: In Asbury Park, New Jersey, we teamed up with community leaders to produce “Rebuild One City,” a participatory parade and reception celebrating community resilience and new strategies to protect Asbury Park from future storms. The parade aimed to bridge the divide between the city’s east and west sides and to highlight the design teams’ proposals for re-designing coastal lakes, streets, dunes, and the boardwalk. The parade ended with a “resilience fair” highlighting work from local organizations to make Asbury Park more resilient.

Scale It Up | Staten Island | March 23, 2014: Our public program on Staten Island asked local residents: Are you re(SI)lient? Attendees helped us find out how Staten Island’s rich maritime past shaped its resilient future through interactive exhibits at the Staten Island Museum. The event included trivia and raffles, an interactive model of an oyster reef, marine mammal education, a workshop on building resiliency, and more.

Scale It Up | Rockaways | May 3, 2014: In the Far Rockaway community, we unveiled mobile structures designed and built by students and local youth from the Rockaway Waterfront Alliance and Rockaway Youth Task Force, in collaboration with architect Gilliam. These structures were created with the ability to provide shade, seating and solar power; distribute tools, food and information; and help create outdoor gathering spaces.

Scale It Up | Bridgeport | May 8, 2014: On March 8, we teamed up with architects and ecologists from Bridgeport and New Orleans to lead a youth design workshop called Paths to the Sound that invited local high school students to imagine future scenarios for the Pequonnock River in Bridgeport, Connecticut. The workshop began with a bicycle tour of the River to highlight opportunities to re-design the water’s edge to protect against future floods, provide more open space, and create new habitat for wildlife. At a participatory workshop in a downtown storefront following the tour, students learned to build three-dimensional models representing their ideas for improving the river.

The ten participating design teams, selected by the President’s Hurricane Sandy Rebuilding Task Force, brought together experts from across planning, design, engineering and science to critically consider the task of rebuilding.

The teams conducted months of open-ended research to better understand the region’s economic, social, and ecological vulnerabilities in dozens of communities, as well as opportunities for design and policy interventions. Six winning teams were awarded a total of $930M to implement their ideas:

 

The BIG Team

The BIG U (East River Park) – Manhattan

The BIG Team proposed a protective system around Manhattan’s edge, driven by the needs and concerns of the community, including a massive berm at the East River Park to protect the Lower East Side from future storm surge and rising sea levels while providing open space amenities for local residents.

The Interboro Team

Living with the Bay (Slow Streams) – Nassau County, Long Island

The Interboro Team developed a comprehensive, regional resiliency plan for Nassau County’s South Shore, including “Slow Streams”—a set of interconnected interventions that will transform the Mill River into a green-blue corridor that stores and filters water, provides public space, and creates room for new urban development.

MIT CAU+ZUS+URBANISTEN

New Meadowlands – Little Ferry, Moonachie, Carlstadt, Teterboro

The team articulated an integrated vision for protecting, connecting, and growing the Meadowlands, restoring water-absorbing wetlands and creating a multi-purpose berm to provide flood protection to surrounding communities.

OMA

Resist, Delay, Store, Discharge – Hoboken, Weehawken, Jersey City

OMA’s comprehensive urban water strategy for Hoboken will incentivize public and private investment by reducing risk and driving down insurance premiums.

PennDesign/OLIN

Lifelines – Hunts Point, South Bronx

Lifelines will support continued planning and study related to protecting and strengthening the Hunts Point community, including its regional food supply hub.

SCAPE/Landscape Architecture

Living Breakwaters -Tottenville, Staten Island

SCAPE’s project will design a “living infrastructure” system that reduces wave action and erosion, create micropockets of habitat to host finfish, shellfish, and lobsters, and establish opportunities for education and water access to local residents.

Eight winning teams were awarded a total of $930M to implement their ideas.

Learn more on the official Rebuild by Design website.

 

Lead Support