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Ecologies of Addiction

How can policymakers, civic groups, and public health organizations better understand the effects of city life on the mind and body of each citizen, and use this knowledge to create more resilient communities?

The social and economic effects of addictive behaviors present profound challenges to cities all over the world, and have a tremendous impact on community sustainability and resiliency. While both chemical and behavioral addictions have a complex set of causal factors, a growing body of research correlates the physical characteristics of neighborhoods with the health and wellbeing of their residents, and we believe that the connection between the two is an important area in need of study.


Over the course of the project, we hope to generate insights for public health authorities, urban planners and designers, social services providers, and other public and private entities as they develop innovative policy tools and practices to enhance wellbeing in cities.

Ecologies of Addiction is an integral part of Van Alen Institute’s Elsewhere: Escape and the Urban Landscape, a multi-year initiative exploring how both the form and organization of the built environment influence our need for escape. Through competitions, public programs, and research, this unique multidisciplinary effort is bringing together innovators in design, public health, policy, and the sciences to change the way we understand cities.

London Eye from the Jubilee Gardens Copyright JL Gibbons/Sarah Blee

Van Alen Institute and Imperial College London’s Sustainable Society Network are sponsoring Ecologies of Addiction, a joint US-UK initiative to explore how digital technologies can be used to better understand the complex relationship between the built environment of the city and addictive behaviors.

The goal of this investigation is to catalyze the creative, cross-disciplinary integration of urban data, public health, design, and the sciences to inform next-generation thinking about addictive behaviors and the settings in which they occur.

Camden Town, London Copyright J&LGibbons / Sarah Blee 2014
Ecologies of Addiction research team: From left, Johanna Gibbons, Michael Smythe, Neil Davidson, and Dr. Andrea Mechelli.


Dr. Andrea Mechelli, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, King’s College London, London, UK

Johanna Gibbons, J&L Gibbons Landscape Architecture Urban Design, London, UK

Neil Davidson, J&L Gibbons Landscape Architecture Urban Design, London, UK

Michael Smythe, NOMAD, London, UK



David van der Leer, Executive Director

Anne Guiney, Director of Research



Catherine Mulligan, Principal Investigator, Imperial College London, London, UK

Stephen Lorimer, Network Coordinator and Research Associate, Imperial College London, London, UK



Dr. Tom Albright, Salk Institute, La Jolla, CA

Dr. Andrea Barthwell,  Medical Director, Two Dreams Chicago, Chicago, IL

Mark Hansen, Director, Brown Institute for Media Innovation, Columbia University, New York, NY

Dr. Karen Lee, New York City Department of Mental Health and Hygiene, New York, NY

Sarah Williams, Director, Civic Data Design Lab, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA

Robert Richardson, Van Alen Trustee; Senior Advisor, New York City Technology Development Corporation, New York, NY

Dr. Andrea Mechelli presenting the team's research framework at the public launch at Van Alen.
Majora Carter at the Ecologies of Addiction launch, describing the potential benefits the project could bring to disinvested communities.
Johanna Gibbons of the Ecologies of Addiction research team, discussing the project with an audience member after the presentation.
David van der Leer introducing the Ecologies of Addiction research initiative at launch.
Michael Smythe with Johanna Gibbons and Dr. Andrea Mechelli presenting the research team's methodology during the project launch at Van Alen, January 29, 2015
Dr. Thomas Kirchner discussing the possible applications and the implications of the data collected through the project.
Dr. Andrea Mechelli in a working session with the team's advisory committee.

The London-based research team visited Van Alen Institute January 29-30 to publicly present the implications of their first phase of work, as well as the questions that they hope to answer. In from of a full house at Van Alen’s new ground floor space, they explained how they are defining addictive behaviors, why they see impulsivity as an important indicator for an individual’s vulnerability to addiction, and details about the app-based tool they are developing to gather data for the project.

The launch was followed by a day of workshops with experts invited from fields including epidemiology, clinical psychology, environmental justice and community organizing, GIS and community-based mapping, statistics, and public health policy. Over the course of the day, the experts worked with the team to improve every aspects of the project. The next steps are beta-testing the app, and then working on the launch in London later this spring. We’ll keep posting updates on our progress, so check in soon!