How can overlooked urban riverfronts become robust public spaces?
Competition Launch: March 1998
In the late 1990s, Van Alen launched a multiyear initiative exploring visions for New York’s East River waterfront that could help it evolve from an oft-ignored topographic threshold into a vital public space. The project included a symposium in Spring 1998, design workshop and studios in Summer and Fall of 1997, an interactive website, and a competition. The competition sought to draw attention to this often overlooked part of New York City’s landscape, and highlight its potential to become a vital public space in the 21st century.
To develop their schemes, designers consulted Van Alen Institute’s East River website, an extensive resource on the history, ecology, land use, access, existing conditions, and proposed development in areas along the river. Designers were free to choose to address the vast scale of the entire river or the localized conditions of a particular site.
In the competition’s first phase, Van Alen organized an unprecedented level of public outreach, inviting feedback on the website, conducting a postcard survey, interviewing constituents, and featuring the competition’s 13 finalists in a three-day exhibition. In phase two, the finalists were challenged to respond to the comments received, using text or graphics, on a concise 11″ x 17″ sheet. This document informed the jury as they made their final selections.
In November 1998, the winning designs were publicly exhibited at Van Alen, alongside a 25-foot model of the East River Corridor Project by Jesse Reiser + Nanako Umemoto, recipients of that year’s affiliated Van Alen Fellowship in Public Architecture. Their project proposed submerging parts of FDR Drive in order to create a continuous, linear park where the East River meets Manhattan. The exhibition was accompanied by walking tours of the riverfront and discussion forums featuring designers, developers, and community activists engaged in shaping the future of the East River.
Nearly two decades later, large swaths of East River waterfront have been transformed across Queens, Brooklyn, and Manhattan. The competition proved prescient in anticipating future demand and calling for parks to be established as public amenities along the water, but also in forecasting the kinds of tensions around access and affordability that development pressures would bring to the waterfront. These discussions were continued with the 2013 competition, Rebuild by Design. The winning entry by Bjarke Ingels Group, the BIG U, proposed a protective system around Manhattan’s edge, driven by the needs and concerns of the community, including a massive berm at the East River Park to protect the Lower East Side from future storm surge and rising sea levels while providing open space amenities for local residents.
Aaron Betsky, Curator of Architecture and Design, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art
Hillary Brown, Architect and Director, Office of Sustainable Design, New York City Department of Design and Construction
Ken Greenberg, Architect and Planner, Urban Strategies and Advisory Committee Chair, Future of the New Amsterdam Waterfront
Laurie Hawkinson, Architect, Smith-Miller + Hawkinson Architects
Shirley Jaffe, Planner and Senior Vice President for Transportation and Waterfront Projects, New York City Economic Development Corporation
Elizabeth Kennedy, Principal, EKLA
Charles Waldheim, Architect, Waldheim + Santos Studio and Chair, Landscape Urbanism Program, University of Illinois at Chicago School of Architecture
First Prize ($8,000)
Victoria Marshall and Steven Tupu
Second Prize ($4,000)
Aaron Neubert and Michael Jacobs
Third Prize ($2,000)
Brooklyn Architects Collective
Van Alen Institute
Partners and Collaborators
For more information visit:
Metropolitan Waterfront Alliance
Reiser + Umemoto: East River Corridor Project
East River Waterfront Redevelopment
East River Waterfront Redevelopment 2
NYC Economic Development Corporation: East River Waterfront
Department of City Planning: East River Waterfront Study
March 18-May 20: Exhibition, “In Process: Current Projects for the East River.” This exhibit examined twelve existing projects for sites along the East River, from a new ferry terminal in Lower Manhattan to a new riverside park in Stuyvesant Cove.
March 21, 1998: Panel Discussion, “East River Forum.” Panelists included Deborah Marton, Penny Lee, Ron Shiffman, Jeanette Rausch and Thomas Lueck.
October 18, 1998: Walking Tour of East River waterfront, Long Island City to Greenpoint. Co-sponsored by Cooper Union.
October 25, 1998: Walking Tour of East River waterfront, South Street Seaport to DUMBO. Co-sponsored by Cooper Union.
November 5, 1998-March 13, 1999: Exhibition, “Design Ideas for New York’s East River.” Entries from the competition and the New East River Park Project by Reiser + Umemoto Architects were on view at the Van Alen Institute gallery for public input and dialogue.
November 16, 1998: Forum, “Negotiating the Future of the East River.” Architects Jesse Reiser and Kevin Bone presented their design visions for the riverfront, followed by a panel discussion with Sylvia Lavin, Charles Reiss, and Wilbur Woods.
December 2, 1998: Forum, “Brooklyn Redraws the Waterfront.” Presentations and panel discussion with Robert Perris, Michele Bertomen, Doreen Galo and Alan Swerdloe.
December 7, 1998: Forum, “East River Designers Share Their Visions.” Winners in the competition presented and discussed their proposals, with an introduction by Ann Buttenwieser, author of Manhattan Water-Bound.
Van Alen Report 4: Industrial Revolution. Gastil, Raymond and Bay Brown, eds. New York: Van Alen Institute, Oct 1998.
Gastil, Raymond. Beyond the Edge: New York’s New Waterfront, New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 2002.